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Ngram Chart Instructions

In the text field enter the terms you wish to graph, with each word or group of words separated by a comma.

Ngram Term Input

An example graph could include such terms as the proletariat, means of production, and property:

Ngram Search Terms

Enter beginning and ending dates as four-digit years, indicating the range of creation dates for comparison.

Ngram Dates

Dates correspond to the following works:

YearTitleAuthor
1844Comments on James MillKarl Marx
1845Theses on FeuerbachKarl Marx
1846The German Ideology, Part IKarl Marx & Friedrich Engels
1847The Poverty of PhilosophyKarl Marx
1847Draft of a Communist Confession of FaithFriedrich Engels
1847The Principles of CommunismFriedrich Engels
1848Manifesto of the Communist PartyKarl Marx & Friedrich Engels
1848Demands of the Communist Party in GermanyKarl Marx & Friedrich Engels
1850Address of the Central Committee to the Communist LeagueKarl Marx & Friedrich Engels
1864Inaugural Address of the International Working Men's AssociationKarl Marx
1865Value, Price and ProfitKarl Marx
1866Instructions for the Delegates of the Provisional General CouncilKarl Marx
1869The Right of InheritanceKarl Marx
1872The Nationalisation of the LandKarl Marx
1872On AuthorityFriedrich Engels
1873Political IndifferentismKarl Marx
1880Socialism: Utopian and ScientificFriedrich Engels
1883The Right To Be LazyPaul Lafargue
1883Socialism and Political StruggleGeorgi Plekhanov
1897Socialism and NationalismJames Connolly
1905Socialist Reconstruction of SocietyDaniel DeLeon
1906Social-Democracy & Woman SuffrageClara Zetkin
1912What Now?Rosa Luxemburg
1917The Revolution against 'Capital'Antonio Gramsci
1937Social Democracy vs. CommunismKarl Kautsky

Use the “Enter” key or click the “Go” button, and a Sequence Graph will appear below the form, along with tables listing the frequency and count of each term. Hovering the mouse cursor over the graph displays the relative frequency percentage of all terms for that year.

Ngram Sequence

For a list of frequently occurring terms, use the “Back to corpus” link.

Ngram Back Link

Then select “View Ngram Frequencies.”

Ngram Frequencies

Select “Unigrams,” “Bigrams,” or “Trigrams” to display the most popular single words, two word pairings, or three word combinations.

Ngram Trigrams

Ngram Chart